Job Description

This project aims to develop novel transparent electrodes for perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells. Perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells aim to achieve the power conversion efficiencies beyond the single-junction limit of the silicon solar cells. Towards this end, developing highly transparent electrodes are critical for the maximized light-harvesting since parasitic absorption losses originating from the transparent conductive oxides cause drastic current losses.

Why we need broadband transparent electrodes on perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells?

In perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells, the perovskite top cell efficiently harvests the blue part of the solar spectrum, while transmitting the red part, which is absorbed in the silicon bottom cell. In this way, the tandems can overcome the single-junction efficiency limit of silicon solar cells. However, parasitic absorption losses originating from the transparent electrodes hinders the light-harvesting. Typically, a front transparent electrode in any solar cell has a sufficiently large (>3 eV) optical band gap to avoid absorption losses in the visible range of the spectrum. This requirement is already fulfilled by several TCOs such as ITO, IZO, and IO: H. For perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells, transparent electrodes with low absorptance in the NIR‐IR part of the spectrum are required since these devices use optical absorbers that are active in this range of the spectrum. Towards reaching >30% photoconversion efficiency, designing transparent electrodes with exceptionally large broadband transparency carriers critical importance.


[1] Morales‐Masis, M., De Wolf, S., Woods‐Robinson, R., Ager, J. W., & Ballif, C. (2017). Transparent electrodes for efficient optoelectronics. Advanced Electronic Materials, 3(5), 1600529. ​



In this project, the deposition of the novel transparent conductive oxides will be performed the sputtering technique. The candidate will gain experience in the structural, optical and electrical and characterization of the thin films. Moreover, the candidate will have experience in the optical characterization of the perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells to test the developed materials.

  • USD 1000 Monthly Stipend
  • Free housing during the stay (Private Bedroom/Bathroom)
  • Visa And Airfare Fees (two-way tickets)
  • Health Insurance
  • Social And Cultural Activities
  • Access to KPV-LAB, KSC and Core laboratories, and major research and community facilities

To apply this project, please send email to Prof. Stefaan De Wolf via

In your email, please make sure that you mentioned the information below and uploaded the required documents.

  1. Which internship program do you want to apply to?
  2. Which project do you want to apply? (Please write the full name of the project)
  3. How long you would like to stay for internship?
  4. Please upload your current curriculum vitae (CV)
  5. Please upload your cover letter (briefly describing your previous experience and future research interests/plans)
  6. Please upload contact information of three references
  • Share on :

Job Features

  • Location:


  • Job Type:
    KGSP, Visiting Student Internship (VS), Visiting Student Research Program (VSRP)
  • Education:

    BSc, BEng, and MSc in the field of Physics, Materials Science and Engineering, Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Mechanical Engineering or related.

  • Experience:

    The candidate should have basic knowledge about the materials science and physics of the solar cells